Red Book

Acronyms and initialisms

AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
ABCD asymmetry, border, colour, diameter
ABI ankle:brachial index
ABS Australian Bureau of Statistics
ACE angiotensin converting enzyme
ACIR Australian Childhood Immunisation Register
ACR albumin-to-creatinine ratio
ACS asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis
ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
AEDC Australian Early Development Census
AF atrial fibrillation
ALA alpha-linolenic acid
AMD aged-related macular degeneration
APC adenomatous polyposis coli
ApoE apolipoprotein E
ARB angiotensin receptor blocker
ASCIA Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy
AUDIT-C Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test – Consumption
AUSDRISK Australian type 2 diabetes risk assessment tool
BCG Bacillus Calmette-Guérin
BMD bone mineral density
BMI body mass index
BNP B-type natriuretic peptide
BP blood pressure
BRCA1 breast cancer susceptibility gene 1
BRCA2 breast cancer susceptibility gene 2
BUA broadband ultrasound attenuation
CA cancer antigen
CA125 cancer antigen 125
CAD coronary artery disease
CALD culturally and linguistically diverse
CCTA coronary computed tomography angiography
CEA carotid endarterectomy
CEITC Centre for Excellence in Indigenous  Tobacco Control
CF cystic fibrosis
CHD coronary heart disease
CKD chronic kidney disease
CDK-EPI Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CRC colorectal cancer
CRP C-reactive protein
CT computed tomography
CVD cardiovascular disease
disability-adjusted life year
dietary approaches to stop hypertension
DBP diastolic blood pressure
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DLCN Dutch Lipid Clinic Network (criteria)
DPA docosapentaenoic acid
DRE digital rectal examination
DT diphtheria, tetanus
DTPa diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis 
  (child version)
dTpa diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis
  (adolescent/adult version)
DXA dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
ECG electrocardiogram
EFG elevated, firm, growing for more than  one month
eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate
EPDS Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale
ESRD end-stage renal disease
FAP familial adenomatous polyposis
FH familial hypercholesterolaemia
FHSQ family history screening questionnaire
FOBT faecal occult blood test
GP general practitioner
GPCOG general practitioner assessment  of cognition
HbA1c glycated haemoglobin
HCG human chorionic gonadotrophin
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
HHC hereditary haemochromatosis
Hib haemophilus influenzae type b
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HNPCC hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer
HPV human papillomavirus
hsCRP high sensitivity C-reactive protein
HSIL high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion
IADL instrumental activities of daily living
IBIS International Breast Cancer Intervention Study
IFG impaired fasting glucose
IGT impaired glucose tolerance
IPV inactivated polio vaccine
IS intussusception
KICA Kimberley Indigenous Cognitive Assessment tool
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LDL-C low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
LSIL low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion
LUTS lower urinary tract symptoms
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
MBS Medicare Benefits Schedule
MCH mean corpuscular haemoglobin
MCV mean corpuscular volume
MI myocardial infarction
MMR measles, mumps and rubella
MMRV measles, mumps, rubella and varicella
MMSE mini-mental state examination
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis
MSM men who have sex with men
MSU mid-stream urine
MTHFR methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase
MUKSB Modified UK Simon Broome (criteria)
NAAT nucleic acid amplification test
NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council
NIP National Immunisation Program
NIPS National Immunisation Program Schedule
NIPT non-invasive prenatal test
NMSC non-melanocytic skin cancer
NTD neural tube defect
OSA obstructive sleep apnoea
Pap test Papanicolaou test
PBS Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PEDS parents’ evaluation of developmental status
PET-CT positron emission tomography – computed tomography
PLCO Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian trial
PND postnatal depression
PVD peripheral vascular disease
RACGP The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
RCT randomised controlled trial
SBP systolic blood pressure
SCC squamous cell carcinoma
SES socioeconomic status
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SMMSE standardised mini-mental state examination
SNAP smoking, nutrition, alcohol, physical activity
SNP single nucleotide polymorphism
SOS speed of sound
SPF sun protection factor
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
STI sexually transmissible infection
T2D type 2 diabetes
TB tuberculosis
TG triglyceride
TGA Therapeutic Goods Administration
TIA transient ischaemic attack
TUGT timed up and go test
UACR urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio
UACR urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio
UKCTOCS UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening
USPSTF US Preventive Services Task Force
UV ultraviolet
VIVAS Vaccination Information and Vaccination Administration System
VV varicella vaccination
WHO World Health Organization
13vPCV 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
23vPPV 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine