Guideline for the management of knee and hip osteoarthritis

Recommendations

Electrotherapies

Non-pharmacological interventions 

Electrotherapies


 

Intervention: Pulsed electromagnetic/ shortwave therapy – Knee and/or hip

Recommendation

We are unable to recommend either for or against electromagnetic/shortwave therapy for people with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis (OA).

Strength of recommendation

Conditional (neutral) recommendation

Quality of evidence

Low (knee)
Very low (hip)

Intervention: Other electrotherapy – Knee and/or hip (eg shockwave, interferential, laser)

Recommendation

We suggest not offering electrotherapy modalities of shockwave, interferential or laser for people with knee and/or hip OA.

Strength of recommendation

Conditional against recommendation

Quality of evidence

Low (laser)
Very low (shockwave, interferential, laserhip)

Intervention: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) – Knee and/or hip

Recommendation

It may be appropriate to offer TENS that can be used at home for some people with knee and/or hip OA. Clinicians need to provide sufficient instructions on self-use, and consider individual accessibility and affordability.

Strength of recommendation

Conditional for recommendation

Quality of evidence

Very low

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