General practice management of type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is a national health priority. The Australian National Diabetes Strategy 2016– 2020 was released by the Australian Government in November 2013. The number of people with type 2 diabetes is growing, most likely the result of rising overweight and obesity rates, lifestyle and dietary changes, and an ageing population. Within 20 years, the number of people in Australia with type 2 diabetes may increase from an estimated 870,000 in 2014, to more than 2.5 million.1 The most socially disadvantaged Australians are twice as likely to develop diabetes.
If left undiagnosed or poorly managed, type 2 diabetes can lead to coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, kidney failure, limb amputations and blindness. The early identification and optimal management of people with type 2 diabetes is therefore critical. General practice has the central role in type 2 diabetes management across the spectrum, from identifying those at risk right through to caring for patients at the end of life. These guidelines give up-to-date, evidence-based information tailored for general practice to support general practitioners (GPs) and their teams in providing high-quality management.1
In the development of the 2016–18 edition of General practice management of type 2 diabetes, The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) has focused on factors relevant to current Australian clinical practice. The RACGP has used the skills and knowledge of your general practice peers who have an interest in diabetes management and are members of the RACGP Specific Interests Diabetes Network.
This publication has been produced in accordance with the rules and processes outlined in the RACGP’s conflict of interest (COI) policy. The RACGP’s COI policy is available at www.racgp.org.au/support/policies/organisational This edition represents 19 years of a successful relationship between the RACGP and Diabetes Australia. We acknowledge the support of the RACGP Expert Committee – Quality Care, the Medical Education and Scientific Committee of Diabetes Australia, and RACGP staff in the development of these guidelines.
- Shaw J, Tanamas S, editors. Diabetes: the silent pandemic and its impact on Australia. Melbourne: Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, 2012.
3Screening, risk assessment, case finding and diagnosis
5Structured care and patient education
7The person with diabetes - Assessment
10Managing microvascular and other complications
12Diabetes, multimorbidity and medication complications
13Diabetes and reproductive health
14Management of other impacts of diabetes