Background Insulin is effective at lowering blood glucose, and most people with type 2 diabetes need insulin within 10 years of diagnosis. However, initiating insulin is often delayed in general practice. This study explores barriers and enablers to insulin initiation in general practice.
Discussion Insulin initiation seems more likely if the multiple perspectives on the primary aim of clinical care are acknowledged, and if roles are explicitly discussed and clarified.
Results The understanding of the primary aim of diabetes care and its context (improving pathophysiology, complex multimorbidity, the patient-doctor relationship, impact of living with the condition) was important. There was disagreement and uncertainty about whose role it is to initiate insulin. It was also important whether insulin initiation was conceptualised as a simple, protocol driven intervention, or as a complex and demanding addition to an overwhelming clinical picture.
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