Background Osteoarthritis, characterised by joint pain and stiffness, is a
common and significant chronic disease, reducing mobility
and causing considerable impact on quality of life. Multiple
evidence based management options are available.
Objective The aim of this article is to summarise the main
management options suggested in The Royal Australian
College of General Practitioners Guideline for the nonsurgical
management of hip and knee osteoarthritis and to
also highlight those that are not recommended.
Discussion Following diagnosis based primarily on history and
examination, management focuses on optimising quality
of life by providing self management advice combined
with appropriate pharmacological and nonpharmacological
strategies, aiming to reduce acute exacerbations, prevent
complications and delay progression.
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