In this analysis we used BEACH (Bettering the Evaluation and
Care of Health) encounters with children aged 0–14 years from
January 2008 to December 2009. Croup was managed 276 times
during that period (at 1.2% of 23 016 encounters with children in
this age group). This suggests that croup is managed in general
practice about 154 000 times per year nationally.
Children aged 1–4 years were significantly more likely to be managed for croup than children in other age groups. This was reflected in the age specific rate of 1.9 per 100 encounters for children of that age, compared with a rate of 1.1 per 100 encounters with infants aged less than 1 year and children aged 5–9 years. Rates of croup among those aged 10–14 years were low. Boys were managed for the condition 1.5 times more often than girls, with a rate of 1.4 per 100 encounters for boys and 0.9 for girls (Figure 1).
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