Introduction This article is the second in a series providing a summary of prevention strategies and
vaccination for infections that may be acquired by travellers. The series aims to provide
practical strategies to assist general practitioners in giving travel advice, as a synthesis
of multiple information sources which must otherwise be consulted.
Poliomyelitis is a potentially fatal viral illness, which may cause acute flaccid paralysis
and permanent central nervous system damage. Ongoing global efforts to eradicate
poliomyelitis have been under way since 1988. Travellers are at risk of infection in
countries with endemic wild poliomyelitis virus or imported cases, and can spread the
infection to areas where poliomyelitis has been eradicated. While all adults should
be immune to poliomyelitis, it is important that at risk travellers are vaccinated
appropriately. Vaccine options and regions currently reporting poliomyelitis are
presented from a number of sources, which may facilitate the process of giving travel
advice in a general practice setting, although it is also important to seek up-to-date
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