Sudden vision loss usually requires urgent ophthalmic
assessment. Diagnosis and management requires the judicious
use of a wide range of serological and imaging investigations to
guide appropriate treatment and referral.
This article follows on from the previous discussion of the role of
history and examination to discuss the appropriate investigation
and management of common causes of sudden visual loss.
The key historical and examination findings have now been
extracted and synthesised and these inform the next step. The
general practitioner must now decide upon the most appropriate
and timely investigation pathway or the need for, and urgency
Investigation and management should be determined depending on the findings from the history and examination. Several of the more common and potentially sight or life threatening aetiologies will be discussed here, although this is not an exhaustive list. Many of the conditions discussed will cause temporary visual loss and several may become permanent, particularly if not promptly managed.
Download the PDF for the full article.