Chronic respiratory disease

March 2010

FocusChronic respiratory disease

Patients with lung disease

Fit to fly?

Volume 39, No.3, March 2010 Pages 112-115

Leigh M Seccombe

Matthew J Peters

Background

Commercial air travel is cheap and accessible. Many patients living ever better lives despite chronic lung disease wish to, and do, fly. Statistics tell us that misadventure is rare and that flight must be safe for the majority of people.

Objective/s

To assist the general practitioner in assessing and advising patients with lung disease on issues relating to the risks associated with air travel.

Discussion

An aircraft cabin is a low pressure, hypoxic environment that challenges those with lung disease for up to 15 hours at a time. Patients with very poor performance status or severe lung disease should not fly or must fly with oxygen. Selected patients with moderately severe COPD or other chronic lung disease will benefit from specialist review and cabin hypoxia simulation. The risk of venous thromboembolism can be reduced if the patient is risk stratified and simple interventions applied. Perhaps the most important principle is that patients must be clinically stable at the time they fly.

Between 1976 and 2008, the number of Australians travelling overseas increased six-fold. Every day, over 16 000 Australians travel overseas and there are 120 000 domestic passenger movements.1,2 Among potential travellers with the means and desire to fly are many who are enjoying longer survival with chronic lung disease, often with significant comorbidity.

Download the PDF for the full article.

Correspondence afp@racgp.org.au

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