Sport and exercise medicine (SEM) incorporates a diverse range of disciplines. These include: disease and injury prevention, management of medical problems in exercising individuals, management of soft tissue injuries sustained during exercise, and exercise prescription for improving physical fitness and treating disease. Sport and exercise medicine also looks at specific exercise needs of different population groups such as the elderly, those with disabilities and children, as well as medical care of individuals exercising in extreme environments. It covers the medical needs of sporting teams at sporting events and deals with the pharmacological and ethical issues involved in drugs and doping in sport.
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