Age 0-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-79 >80
Ask adults how many portions of fruits or vegetables they eat in a day and advise to follow the NHMRC’s Australian dietary guidelines (B).85 Brief advice should be given to eat two serves of fruit and five serves of vegetables per day (2 + 5 portions), and to limit sugar, saturated fat, salt and alcohol.
Breastfeeding should be promoted as the most appropriate method for feeding infants (and one that offers protection against infection and some chronic diseases).85 Refer to Chapter 3. Preventive activities in children and young people for nutrition-related recommendations.
For further information, refer to the RACGP’s SNAP guide, 2nd edn,82 and NHMRC’s Australian dietary guidelines.85
- National Health and Medical Research Council. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of overweight and obesity in adults, adolescents and children in Australia. Canberra: NHMRC, 2013.
- National Health and Medical Research Council. Australian Dietary Guidelines. Canberra: NHMRC, 2013.
- Hartleyh L, Igbinedion E, Holmes J, et al. Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013;6:CD009874.
- US Preventive Services Task Force. Healthful diet and physical activity for cardiovascular disease prevention in adults with cardiovascular risk factors: Behavioral counseling. Washington, DC: USPSTF, 2014. Available at www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Topic/recommendation-summary/healthy-diet-andphysical- activity-counseling-adults-with-high-risk-of-cvd [Accessed 23 March 2016].
- National Cancer Control Policy. Position statement – Meat and cancer prevention. Sydney, NSW: Cancer Council Australia, 2013. Available at http://wiki.cancer. org.au/policy/Position_statement_-_Meat_and_cancer_prevention#Red_meat [Accessed 23 March 2016].
- Hooley M, Skouteris H, Millar L. The relationship between childhood weight, dental caries and eating practices in 83 Guidelines for preventive activities in general practice 9th edition children aged 4–8 years in Australia, 2004–2008. Pediatr Obes 2012;7(6):461–70.