Age 0-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-79 > 80
Approximately 30% of people aged ≥65 years report one or more falls in the past 12 months.32 Most falls are caused by an interaction of multiple risk factors. Having one fall puts you at risk of another fall, and the more risk factors, the greater the chance of falling. You can help your patients manage their risk and prevent further falls by regularly asking them about falls.
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- National Falls Prevention for Older People Initiative. An analysis of research on preventing falls and falls injury in older people: Community, residential care and hospital settings. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing, 2004.
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- National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Falls – Assessment and prevention of falls in older people. London: NICE, 2013.
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- Tiedemann A, Shimada H, Sherrington C, Murray S, Lord S. The comparative ability of eight functional mobility tests for predicting falls in community-dwelling older people. Age Ageing 2008;37(4):430–35.
- Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care. Preventing falls and harm from falls in older people: Best practice guidelines for Australian hospitals, residential aged care facilities and community care. Sydney: ACSQHC, 2009.
- Borschmann K, Moore K, Russell M, et al. Overcoming barriers to physical activity among culturally and linguistically diverse older adults: A randomised controlled trial. Australas J Ageing 2010;29(2):77–80.
- Cameron ID, Murray GR, Gillespie LD, et al. Interventions for preventing falls in older people in nursing care facilities and hospitals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010;1:CD005465.
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- Sherrington C, Whitney J, Lord S, Herbert R, Cumming R, Close J. Effective exercise for the prevention of falls: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Geriatr Soc 2008;56(12):2234–43.
- US Preventive Services Task Force. Prevention of falls in community-dwelling older adults. Rockville, MD: USPSTF, 2012. Available at www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsfalls.htm [Accessed 15 December 2015].
- Wyman JF, Croghan CF, Nachreiner NM, et al. Effectiveness of education and individualized counseling in reducing environmental hazards in the homes of community-dwelling older women. J Am Geriatr Soc 2007;55(10):1548–56.
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- Sherrington C, Lord S, JCT C. Best-practice recommendations for physical activity to prevent falls in older adults: An evidence check rapid review brokered by the Sax Institute for the Centre for Health Advancement. Sydney: Department of Health, 2008. Available at www.saxinstitute.org.au [Accessed 15 May 2016].
- Tiedemann A, Sherrington C, Close JC, Lord SR. Exercise and Sports Science Australia position statement on exercise and falls prevention in older people. J Sci Med Sport 2011; 14(6):489–95.