Statistical research methods articles


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Altman DG, Bland JM. Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. BMJ. 1995 Aug 19;311(7003):485. PubMed PMID: 7647644; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2550545.

Santin-Janin H, Hugueny B, Aubry P, Fouchet D, Gimenez O, Pontier D. Accounting for sampling error when inferring population synchrony from time-series data: a Bayesian state-space modelling approach with applications. PLoS One. 2014 Jan 29;9(1):e87084. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087084. eCollection 2014. PubMed PMID: 24489839; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3906118.

Mavridis D, Chaimani A, Efthimiou O, Leucht S, Salanti G. Addressing missing outcome data in meta-analysis. Evid Based Ment Health. 2014 Aug;17(3):85-9. doi: 10.1136/eb-2014-101900. Epub 2014 Jul 9. PubMed PMID: 25009175.

Matthews JN, Altman DG, Campbell MJ, Royston P. Analysis of serial measurements in medical research. BMJ. 1990 Jan 27;300(6719):230-5. PubMed PMID: 2106931; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1662068.

Baldwin SA, Imel ZE, Braithwaite SR, Atkins DC. Analyzing multiple outcomes in clinical research using multivariate multilevel models. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2014 Oct;82(5):920-30. doi: 10.1037/a0035628. Epub 2014 Feb 3. PubMed PMID: 24491071; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4119868.

Bland M, Altman DG. Autumn Books: Caveat doctor: a grim tale of medical statistics textbooks. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1987 Oct 17;295(6604):979. PubMed PMID: 20742914; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1248024.

Ahn J, Liu S, Wang W, Yuan Y. Bayesian latent-class mixed-effect hybrid models for dyadic longitudinal data with non-ignorable dropouts. Biometrics. 2013 Dec;69(4):914-24. doi: 10.1111/biom.12100. Epub 2013 Nov 6. PubMed PMID: 24328715; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3970927.

Jiang Z, Song Y, Shou Q, Xia J, Wang W. A Bayesian prediction model between a biomarker and the clinical endpoint for dichotomous variables. Trials. 2014 Dec 20;15:500. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-15-500. PubMed PMID: 25528466; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4307375.

Egbewale BE, Lewis M, Sim J. Bias, precision and statistical power of analysis of covariance in the analysis of randomized trials with baseline imbalance: a simulation study. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2014 Apr 9;14:49. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-14-49. PubMed PMID: 24712304; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3986434.

Agarwal A, Durairajanayagam D, Tatagari S, Esteves SC, Harlev A, Henkel R, Roychoudhury S, Homa S, Puchalt NG, Ramasamy R, Majzoub A, Ly KD, Tvrda E, Assidi M, Kesari K, Sharma R, Banihani S, Ko E, Abu-Elmagd M, Gosalvez J, Bashiri A. Bibliometrics: tracking research impact by selecting the appropriate metrics. Asian J Androl. 2016 Mar-Apr;18(2):296-309. doi: 10.4103/1008-682X.171582. Review. PubMed PMID: 26806079; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4770502.

Altman DG, Gardner MJ. Calculating confidence intervals for regression and correlation. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1988 Apr 30;296(6631):1238-42. Erratum in: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1988 Jul 30;297(6644):328. PubMed PMID: 3248128; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2545711.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Calculating correlation coefficients with repeated observations: Part 2--Correlation between subjects.BMJ. 1995 Mar 11;310(6980):633. Erratum in: BMJ 1996 Mar 2;312(7030):572. PubMed PMID: 7703752; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2549010.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Calculating correlation coefficients with repeated observations: Part 2--Correlation between subjects.BMJ. 1995 Mar 11;310(6980):633. Erratum in: BMJ 1996 Mar 2;312(7030):572. PubMed PMID: 7703752; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2549010.

Altman DG, Andersen PK. Calculating the number needed to treat for trials where the outcome is time to an event. BMJ. 1999 Dec 4;319(7223):1492-5. Review. PubMed PMID: 10582940; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1117211.

Corrigan N, Bankart MJ, Gray LJ, Smith KL. Changing cluster composition in cluster randomised controlled trials: design and analysis considerations. Trials. 2014 May 24;15:184. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-15-184. PubMed PMID: 24884591; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4039551.

Rubio DM, Robinson GF, Gilliam VA, Primack BA, Switzer GE, Seltzer DL, Kapoor WN. Characterization of investigators' approach to translational research: a qualitative study. Clin Transl Sci. 2014 Dec;7(6):441-6. doi: 10.1111/cts.12196. Epub 2014 Jul 25. PubMed PMID: 25066780; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4268360.

George BJ, Beasley TM, Brown AW, Dawson J, Dimova R, Divers J, Goldsby TU, Heo M, Kaiser KA, Keith SW, Kim MY, Li P, Mehta T, Oakes JM, Skinner A, Stuart E, Allison DB. Common scientific and statistical errors in obesity research. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Apr;24(4):781-90. doi: 10.1002/oby.21449. Review. PubMed PMID: 27028280; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4817356.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Comparing several groups using analysis of variance. BMJ. 1996 Jun 8;312(7044):1472-3. PubMed PMID: 8664633; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2351202.

Altman D, Bland JM. Confidence intervals illuminate absence of evidence. BMJ. 2004 Apr 24;328(7446):1016-7. PubMed PMID: 15105337; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC404543.

Gardner MJ, Altman DG. Confidence intervals rather than P values: estimation rather than hypothesis testing. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1986 Mar 15;292(6522):746-50. PubMed PMID: 3082422; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1339793.

Liu TY, Cai SY, Nie XL, Lyu YQ, Peng XX, Feng GS. The Content of Statistical Requirements for Authors in Biomedical Research Journals. Chin Med J (Engl). 2016 Oct 20;129(20):2491-2496. doi: 10.4103/0366-6999.191822. Review. PubMed PMID: 27748343; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5072263.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Correlation, regression, and repeated data. BMJ. 1994 Apr 2;308(6933):896. PubMed PMID: 8173371; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2539813.

Altman DG, Royston P. The cost of dichotomising continuous variables. BMJ. 2006 May 6;332(7549):1080. Review. PubMed PMID: 16675816; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1458573.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Cronbach's alpha. BMJ. 1997 Feb 22;314(7080):572. PubMed PMID: 9055718; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2126061.

Bacchetti P. Current sample size conventions: flaws, harms, and alternatives. BMC Med. 2010 Mar 22;8:17. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-8-17. Review. PubMed PMID: 20307281; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2856520.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Detecting skewness from summary information. BMJ. 1996 Nov 9;313(7066):1200. PubMed PMID: 8916759; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2352469.

Turner SL, Shaw T. Developing competence in biostatistics and research methodology during medical specialty training. Med J Aust. 2016 Feb 1;204(2):54-6e.1. PubMed PMID: 26821096.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Diagnostic tests 3: receiver operating characteristic plots. BMJ. 1994 Jul 16;309(6948):188. PubMed PMID: 8044101; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2540706.

Jain V, Sharma R, Singh S. Doing meta-analysis in research: a systematic approach. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2012 May-Jun;78(3):242-50. doi: 10.4103/0378-6323.95438. Review. PubMed PMID: 22565423.

Campbell MJ, Julious SA, Altman DG. Estimating sample sizes for binary, ordered categorical, and continuous outcomes in two group comparisons. BMJ. 1995 Oct 28;311(7013):1145-8. Review. Erratum in: BMJ 1996 Jan 13;312(7023):96. PubMed PMID: 7580713; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2551061.

Gardner MJ, Altman DG. Estimating with confidence. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1988 Apr 30;296(6631):1210-1. PubMed PMID: 3133015; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2545695.

Parsons NR, Price CL, Hiskens R, Achten J, Costa ML. An evaluation of the quality of statistical design and analysis of published medical research: results from a systematic survey of general orthopaedic journals. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2012 Apr 25;12:60. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-12-60. Review. PubMed PMID: 22533688; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3476984.

Curran-Everett D. Explorations in statistics: statistical facets of reproducibility. Adv Physiol Educ. 2016 Jun;40(2):248-52. doi: 10.1152/advan.00042.2016. Review. PubMed PMID: 27231259.

Altman DG. A fair trial? Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1984 Aug 11;289(6441):336-7. PubMed PMID: 6432086; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1442338.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Generalisation and extrapolation. BMJ. 1998 Aug 8;317(7155):409-10. Review. PubMed PMID: 9694763; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1113677.

Heritier SR, Gebski VJ, Keech AC. Inclusion of patients in clinical trial analysis: the intention-to-treat principle. Med J Aust. 2003 Oct 20;179(8):438-40. Review. PubMed PMID: 14558871.

Matthews JN, Altman DG. Interaction 3: How to examine heterogeneity. BMJ. 1996 Oct 5;313(7061):862. PubMed PMID: 8870577; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2359064.

Clark NR, Ma'ayan A. Introduction to statistical methods to analyze large data sets: principal components analysis. Sci Signal. 2011 Sep 6;4(190):tr3. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2001967. Review. PubMed PMID: 21917717; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3193798.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Measurement error and correlation coefficients. BMJ. 1996 Jul 6;313(7048):41-2. PubMed PMID: 8664775; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2351452.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Measurement error proportional to the mean. BMJ. 1996 Jul 13;313(7049):106. Erratum in: BMJ 1996 Sep 21;313(7059):744. PubMed PMID: 8688716; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2351517.

Ambrogi F, Biganzoli E, Boracchi P. Model-based estimation of measures of association for time-to-event outcomes. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2014 Aug 9;14:97. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-14-97. PubMed PMID: 25106903; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4151379.

Meaney C, Moineddin R. A Monte Carlo simulation study comparing linear regression, beta regression, variable-dispersion beta regression and fractional logit regression at recovering average difference measures in a two sample design. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2014 Jan 24;14:14. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-14-14. PubMed PMID: 24461057; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3999882.

Kang S, Little RJ, Kaciroti N. Missing not at random models for masked clinical trials with dropouts. Clin Trials. 2015 Apr;12(2):139-48. doi: 10.1177/1740774514566662. Epub 2015 Jan 27. PubMed PMID: 25627429.

Lord SJ, Gebski VJ, Keech AC. Multiple analyses in clinical trials: sound science or data dredging? Med J Aust. 2004 Oct 18;181(8):452-4. Review. PubMed PMID: 15487966.

Austin PC, Steyerberg EW. The number of subjects per variable required in linear regression analyses. J Clin Epidemiol. 2015 Jun;68(6):627-36. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2014.12.014. Epub 2015 Jan 22. PubMed PMID: 25704724.

Bland JM, Altman DG. One and two sided tests of significance. BMJ. 1994 Jul 23;309(6949):248. PubMed PMID: 8069143; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2540725.

Silvia PJ, Kwapil TR, Walsh MA, Myin-Germeys I. Planned missing-data designs in experience-sampling research: Monte Carlo simulations of efficient designs for assessing within-person constructs. Behav Res Methods. 2014 Mar;46(1):41-54. doi: 10.3758/s13428-013-0353-y. PubMed PMID: 23709167; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3781177.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Presentation of numerical data. BMJ. 1996 Mar 2;312(7030):572. PubMed PMID: 8595293; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2350327.

Sharp SJ, Thompson SG, Altman DG. The relation between treatment benefit and underlying risk in meta-analysis. BMJ. 1996 Sep 21;313(7059):735-8. Review. PubMed PMID: 8819447; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2352108.

Mihaylova B, Briggs A, O'Hagan A, Thompson SG. Review of statistical methods for analysing healthcare resources and costs. Health Econ. 2011 Aug;20(8):897-916. doi: 10.1002/hec.1653. Epub 2010 Aug 27. Review. PubMed PMID: 20799344; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3470917.

Jia B, Lynn HS. A sample size planning approach that considers both statistical significance and clinical significance. Trials. 2015 May 12;16:213. doi: 10.1186/s13063-015-0727-9. PubMed PMID: 25962998; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4455608.

Sébille V, Blanchin M, Guillemin F, Falissard B, Hardouin JB. A simple ratio-based approach for power and sample size determination for 2-group comparison using Rasch models. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2014 Jul 5;14:87. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-14-87. PubMed PMID: 24996957; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4105835.

Altman DG. Size of clinical trials. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1983 Jun 11;286(6381):1842-3. PubMed PMID: 6407594; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1547766.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Standard deviations and standard errors. BMJ. 2005 Oct 15;331(7521):903. Review. PubMed PMID: 16223828; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1255808.

Stewart GB, Altman DG, Askie LM, Duley L, Simmonds MC, Stewart LA. Statistical analysis of individual participant data meta-analyses: a comparison of methods and recommendations for practice. PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e46042. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046042. Epub 2012 Oct 3. PubMed PMID: 23056232; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3463584.

Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1983 May 7;286(6376):1489-93. PubMed PMID: 6405856; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1547706.

Hogg WE, Wong ST, Burge F. Statistical research: lost in translation? If youwant to get doctors onside, speak their language.Can Fam Physician. 2016 Jun;62(6):524. PubMed PMID: 27303011; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4907562.

Barkan H. Statistics in clinical research: Important considerations. Ann Card Anaesth. 2015 Jan-Mar;18(1):74-82. doi: 10.4103/0971-9784.148325. PubMed PMID: 25566715.

Altman DG. Statistics and ethics in medical research. Collecting and screening data. Br Med J. 1980 Nov 22;281(6252):1399-401. PubMed PMID: 7002255; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1715048.

Altman DG. Statistics and ethics in medical research: III How large a sample? Br Med J. 1980 Nov 15;281(6251):1336-8. PubMed PMID: 7437789; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1714734.

Altman DG. Statistics and ethics in medical research. Misuse of statistics is unethical. Br Med J. 1980 Nov 1;281(6249):1182-4. PubMed PMID: 7427629; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1714517.

Altman DG. Statistics and ethics in medical research: study design. Br Med J. 1980 Nov 8;281(6250):1267-9. PubMed PMID: 7000298; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1714604.

Altman DG. Statistics and ethics in medical research: V--Analysing data. Br Med J. 1980 Nov 29;281(6253):1473-5. PubMed PMID: 7437841; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1714836.

Altman DG. Statistics and ethics in medical research. VI--Presentation of results. Br Med J. 1980 Dec 6;281(6254):1542-4. PubMed PMID: 7437871; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1714953.

Altman DG. Statistics and ethics in medical research. VII--Interpreting results. Br Med J. 1980 Dec 13;281(6255):1612-4. PubMed PMID: 7448537; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1715129.

Altman DG. Statistics and ethics in medical research. VIII-Improving the quality of statistics in medical journals. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1981 Jan 3;282(6257):44-7. PubMed PMID: 6778564; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1503760.

Vickers AJ, Altman DG. Statistics notes: Analysing controlled trials with baseline and follow up measurements. BMJ. 2001 Nov 10;323(7321):1123-4. Review. PubMed PMID: 11701584; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1121605.

Day SJ, Altman DG. Statistics notes: blinding in clinical trials and other studies. BMJ. 2000 Aug 19-26;321(7259):504. Review. PubMed PMID: 10948038; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1118396.

Altman DG, Schulz KF. Statistics notes: Concealing treatment allocation in randomised trials. BMJ. 2001 Aug 25;323(7310):446-7. Review. PubMed PMID: 11520850; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1121039.

Altman DG, Matthews JN. Statistics notes. Interaction 1: Heterogeneity of effects. BMJ. 1996 Aug 24;313(7055):486. PubMed PMID: 8776324; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2351874.

Matthews JN, Altman DG. Statistics notes. Interaction 2: Compare effect sizesnot P values. BMJ. 1996 Sep 28;313(7060):808. PubMed PMID: 8842080; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2352195.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Statistics notes. Logarithms. BMJ. 1996 Mar 16;312(7032):700. Review. PubMed PMID: 8597743; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2350526.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Statistics notes: the normal distribution. BMJ. 1995 Feb 4;310(6975):298. PubMed PMID: 7866172; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2548695.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Statistics notes. The odds ratio. BMJ. 2000 May 27;320(7247):1468. Review. PubMed PMID: 10827061; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1127651.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Statistics notes. Treatment allocation in controlled trials: why randomise? BMJ. 1999 May 1;318(7192):1209. Review. PubMed PMID: 10221955; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1115595.

Bland JM, Kerry SM. Statistics notes. Trials randomised in clusters. BMJ. 1997 Sep 6;315(7108):600. Review. PubMed PMID: 9302962; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2127388.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Statistics notes. Units of analysis. BMJ. 1997 Jun 28;314(7098):1874. Review. PubMed PMID: 9224131; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2127005.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Statistics Notes: Validating scales and indexes. BMJ. 2002 Mar 9;324(7337):606-7. PubMed PMID: 11884331; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1122519.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Statistics notes: variables and parameters. BMJ. 1999 Jun 19;318(7199):1667. Review. PubMed PMID: 10373171; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1116021.

Bland JM, Kerry SM. Statistics notes. Weighted comparison of means. BMJ. 1998 Jan 10;316(7125):129. Review. PubMed PMID: 9462320; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2665397.

Cook DI, Gebski VJ, Keech AC. Subgroup analysis in clinical trials. Med J Aust. 2004 Mar 15;180(6):289-91. Review. PubMed PMID: 15012568.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Time to event (survival) data. BMJ. 1998 Aug 15;317(7156):468-9. Review. PubMed PMID: 9703534; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1113717.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Transformations, means, and confidence intervals. BMJ. 1996 Apr 27;312(7038):1079. PubMed PMID: 8616417; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2350916.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Transforming data. BMJ. 1996 Mar 23;312(7033):770. PubMed PMID: 8605469; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2350481.

Dembe AE, Lynch MS, Gugiu PC, Jackson RD. The translational research impact scale: development, construct validity, and reliability testing. Eval Health Prof. 2014 Mar;37(1):50-70. doi: 10.1177/0163278713506112. Epub 2013 Sep 30. Review. PubMed PMID: 24085789; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4230009.

Liu S, Cai C, Ning J. Up-and-down designs for phase I clinical trials. Contemp Clin Trials. 2013 Sep;36(1):218-27. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2013.07.002. Epub 2013 Jul 13. PubMed PMID: 23856381; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4217164.

Chen C, Wakefield J, Lumely T. The use of sampling weights in Bayesian hierarchical models for small area estimation. Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol. 2014 Oct;11:33-43. doi: 10.1016/j.sste.2014.07.002. Epub 2014 Aug 5. PubMed PMID: 25457595; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4357363.

Bland JM, Altman DG. The use of transformation when comparing two means. BMJ. 1996 May 4;312(7039):1153. PubMed PMID: 8620137; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2350653.

Wicherts JM, Bakker M, Molenaar D. Willingness to share research data is related to the strength of the evidence and the quality of reporting of statistical results. PLoS One. 2011;6(11):e26828. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026828. Epub 2011 Nov 2. PubMed PMID: 22073203; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3206853.

Olson WH, Crivera C, Ma YW, Panish J, Mao L, Lynch SM. Bayesian data analysis in observational comparative effectiveness research: rationale and examples. J Comp Eff Res. 2013 Nov;2(6):563-71. doi: 10.2217/cer.13.73. PubMed PMID: 24236795.

Wei Y, Higgins JP. Bayesian multivariate meta-analysis with multiple outcomes. Stat Med. 2013 Jul 30;32(17):2911-34. doi: 10.1002/sim.5745. Epub 2013 Feb 6. PubMed PMID: 23386217.

Streiner DL. Best (but oft-forgotten) practices: the multiple problems of multiplicity-whether and how to correct for many statistical tests. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Oct;102(4):721-8. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.115.113548. Epub 2015 Aug 5. PubMed PMID: 26245806.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Brackets (parentheses) in formulas. BMJ. 2011 Aug 11;343:d570. doi: 10.1136/bmj.d570. PubMed PMID: 21835875.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Correlation in restricted ranges of data. BMJ. 2011 Mar 11;342:d556. doi: 10.1136/bmj.d556. PubMed PMID: 21398359.

Swaminathan H, Rogers HJ, Horner RH. An effect size measure and Bayesian analysis of single-case designs. J Sch Psychol. 2014 Apr;52(2):213-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jsp.2013.12.002. Epub 2014 Jan 16. PubMed PMID: 24606976.

Efthimiou O, Debray TP, van Valkenhoef G, Trelle S, Panayidou K, Moons KG, Reitsma JB, Shang A, Salanti G; GetReal Methods Review Group. GetReal in network meta-analysis: a review of the methodology. Res Synth Methods. 2016 Sep;7(3):236-63. doi: 10.1002/jrsm.1195. Epub 2016 Jan 11. Review. PubMed PMID: 26754852.

Altman DG, Goodman SN, Schroter S. How statistical expertise is used in medical research. JAMA. 2002 Jun 5;287(21):2817-20. PubMed PMID: 12038922.

Altman DG, Bland JM. How to obtain the confidence interval from a P value. BMJ. 2011 Aug 8;343:d2090. doi: 10.1136/bmj.d2090. PubMed PMID: 21824904.

Bennett DA. How to Distinguish between Statistically Significant Results and Clinically Relevant Results. Front Neurol Neurosci. 2016;39:37-49. doi: 10.1159/000445411. Epub 2016 Jul 26. Review. PubMed PMID: 27462704.

Altman DG, Bland JM. How to obtain the P value from a confidence interval. BMJ. 2011;343:d2304. PubMed PMID: 22803193.

Mallett S, Halligan S, Thompson M, Collins GS, Altman DG. Interpreting diagnostic accuracy studies for patient care. BMJ. 2012 Jul 2;345:e3999. doi: 10.1136/bmj.e3999. PubMed PMID: 22750423.

Sijtsma K, van der Ark LA. The many issues in reliability research: choosing from a horn of plenty. Nurs Res. 2015 Mar-Apr;64(2):152-4. doi: 10.1097/NNR.0000000000000081. PubMed PMID: 25738628.

Nestoriuc Y, Kriston L, Rief W. Meta-analysis as the core of evidence-based behavioral medicine: tools and pitfalls of a statistical approach. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2010 Mar;23(2):145-50. doi: 10.1097/YCO.0b013e328336666b. Review. PubMed PMID: 20084004.

Ratitch B, O'Kelly M, Tosiello R. Missing data in clinical trials: from clinical assumptions to statistical analysis using pattern mixture models. Pharm Stat. 2013 Nov-Dec;12(6):337-47. doi: 10.1002/pst.1549. Epub 2013 Jan 4. PubMed PMID: 23292975.

Kim RS. A new comparison of nested case-control and case-cohort designs and methods. Eur J Epidemiol. 2015 Mar;30(3):197-207. doi: 10.1007/s10654-014-9974-4. Epub 2014 Dec 2. PubMed PMID: 25446306; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4374014.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Parametric v non-parametric methods for data analysis. BMJ. 2009 Apr 2;338:a3167. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a3167. PubMed PMID: 19342403.

Altman DG, Moher D, Schulz KF. Peer review of statistics in medical research. Reporting power calculations is important. BMJ. 2002 Aug 31;325(7362):491; author reply 491. PubMed PMID: 12211233.

Son DS, Lee D, Lee K, Jung SH, Ahn T, Lee E, Sohn I, Chung J, Park W, Huh N, Lee JW. Practical approach to determine sample size for building logistic prediction models using high-throughput data. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Feb;53:355-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jbi.2014.12.010. Epub 2014 Dec 30. PubMed PMID: 25555898.

Schweinle WE, Jordre BD. A problem with single-item measures in research. J Physician Assist Educ. 2014;25(3):40-1. PubMed PMID: 25668838.

Hamra GB, Stang A, Poole C. The researcher and the consultant: from testing to probability statements. Eur J Epidemiol. 2015 Sep;30(9):1003-8. doi: 10.1007/s10654-015-0054-1. Epub 2015 Jun 25. PubMed PMID: 26108655.

Guilleux A, Blanchin M, Vanier A, Guillemin F, Falissard B, Schwartz CE, Hardouin JB, Sébille V. RespOnse Shift ALgorithm in Item response theory (ROSALI) for response shift detection with missing data in longitudinal patient-reported outcome studies. Qual Life Res. 2015 Mar;24(3):553-64. doi: 10.1007/s11136-014-0876-4. Epub 2014 Dec 5. PubMed PMID: 25477228.

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