Research methodology articles


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Forder PM, Gebski VJ, Keech AC. Allocation concealment and blinding: when ignorance is bliss. Med J Aust. 2005 Jan 17;182(2):87-9. Review. PubMed PMID: 15651970.

Searles A, Doran C, Attia J, Knight D, Wiggers J, Deeming S, Mattes J, Webb B, Hannan S, Ling R, Edmunds K, Reeves P, Nilsson M. An approach to measuring and encouraging research translation and research impact. Health Res Policy Syst. 2016 Aug 9;14(1):60. doi: 10.1186/s12961-016-0131-2. PubMed PMID: 27507300; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4979128.

Hirst A, Altman DG. Are peer reviewers encouraged to use reporting guidelines? A survey of 116 health research journals.PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e35621. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035621. Epub 2012 Apr 27. PubMed PMID: 22558178; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3338712.

Burgess DC, Gebski VJ, Keech AC. Baseline data in clinical trials. Med J Aust. 2003 Jul 21;179(2):105-7. Review. PubMed PMID: 12864724.

PLoS Medicine Editors. Best practice in systematic reviews: the importance of protocols and registration. PLoS Med. 2011 Feb;8(2):e1001009. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001009. Epub 2011 Feb 22. PubMed PMID: 21364968; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3042995.

Young C, Tong A, Sherriff S, Kalucy D, Fernando P, Muthayya S, Craig JC. Building better research partnerships by understanding how Aboriginal healthcommunities perceive and use data: a semistructured interview study. BMJ Open. 2016 Apr 25;6(4):e010792. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010792. PubMed PMID: 27113239; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4853984.

Glasziou PP, Shepperd S, Brassey J. Can we rely on the best trial? A comparison of individual trials and systematic reviews.BMC Med Res Methodol. 2010 Mar 18;10:23. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-10-23. PubMed PMID: 20298582; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2851704.

Lang T, Siribaddana S. Clinical trials have gone global: is this a good thing? PLoS Med. 2012;9(6):e1001228. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001228. Epub 2012 Jun 12. Review. PubMed PMID: 22719228; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3373653.

Pike R, Keech AC, Simes RJ. Clinical trials research in the new millennium: the International Clinical Trials Symposium, Sydney, 21-23 October 2002. Med J Aust. 2003 Apr 7;178(7):316-7. PubMed PMID: 12670271.

Remme JH, Adam T, Becerra-Posada F, D'Arcangues C, Devlin M, Gardner C, Ghaffar A, Hombach J, Kengeya JF, Mbewu A, Mbizvo MT, Mirza Z, Pang T, Ridley RG, Zicker F, Terry RF. Defining research to improve health systems. PLoS Med. 2010 Nov 16;7(11):e1001000. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001000. PubMed PMID: 21124816; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2993153.

Kirby A, Gebski V, Keech AC. Determining the sample size in a clinical trial. Med J Aust. 2002 Sep 2;177(5):256-7. PubMed PMID: 12197821.

Klionsky DJ. Developing a set of guidelines for your research field: a practical approach. Mol Biol Cell. 2016 Mar 1;27(5):733-8. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E15-09-0618. PubMed PMID: 26915690; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4803299.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Diagnostic tests. 1: Sensitivity and specificity. BMJ. 1994 Jun 11;308(6943):1552. PubMed PMID: 8019315; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2540489.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Diagnostic tests 2: Predictive values. BMJ. 1994 Jul 9;309(6947):102. PubMed PMID: 8038641; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2540558.

Deeks JJ, Altman DG. Diagnostic tests 4: likelihood ratios. BMJ. 2004 Jul 17;329(7458):168-9. Review. PubMed PMID: 15258077; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC478236.

Zhou H, Taber C, Arcona S, Li Y. Difference-in-Differences Method in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Utility with Unbalanced Groups. Appl Health Econ Health Policy. 2016 Aug;14(4):419-29. doi: 10.1007/s40258-016-0249-y. PubMed PMID: 27371369; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4937082.

Mauri D, Karampoiki V, Mauri J, Kamposioras K, Alexiou G, Ferentinos G, Tsali L, Karathanasi I, Peponi C; SESy_Europe Task Force. Double-blind control of the data manager doesn't have any impact on data entry reliability and should be considered as an avoidable cost. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2008 Oct 20;8:66. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-8-66. PubMed PMID: 19239725; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2596166.

Cals JW, Kotz D. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part VIII: references. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013 Nov;66(11):1198. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2013.06.015. PubMed PMID: 24079642.

Cowie MR, Blomster JI, Curtis LH, Duclaux S, Ford I, Fritz F, Goldman S, Janmohamed S, Kreuzer J, Leenay M, Michel A, Ong S, Pell JP, Southworth MR, Stough WG, Thoenes M, Zannad F, Zalewski A. Electronic health records to facilitate clinical research. Clin Res Cardiol. 2017 Jan;106(1):1-9. doi: 10.1007/s00392-016-1025-6. Epub 2016 Aug 24. Review. PubMed PMID: 27557678; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5226988.

Altman DG. Endorsement of the CONSORT statement by high impact medical journals: survey of instructions for authors.BMJ. 2005 May 7;330(7499):1056-7. PubMed PMID: 15879389; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC557224.

Chung KC, Song JW; WRIST Study Group. A guide to organizing a multicenter clinical trial. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Aug;126(2):515-23. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181df64fa. Review. PubMed PMID: 20375760; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2917608.

Patel VM, Ashrafian H, Ahmed K, Arora S, Jiwan S, Nicholson JK, Darzi A, Athanasiou T. How has healthcare research performance been assessed?: a systematic review. J R Soc Med. 2011 Jun;104(6):251-61. doi: 10.1258/jrsm.2011.110005. Review. PubMed PMID: 21659400; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3110970.

Krzyzanowska MK, Kaplan R, Sullivan R. How may clinical research improve healthcare outcomes? Ann Oncol. 2011 Nov;22 Suppl 7:vii10-vii15. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdr420. Review. PubMed PMID: 22039138.

Pannucci CJ, Wilkins EG. Identifying and avoiding bias in research. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Aug;126(2):619-25. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181de24bc. Review. PubMed PMID: 20679844; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2917255.

Selby P, Autier P. The impact of the process of clinical research on health service outcomes. Ann Oncol. 2011 Nov;22 Suppl 7:vii5-vii9. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdr419. Review. PubMed PMID: 22039145.

Padubidri JR, Shetty BS. Impact factor impacting our scientific research - Probable solutions. Biomed J. 2016 Jun;39(3):226. doi: 10.1016/j.bj.2016.06.005. Epub 2016 Aug 9. PubMed PMID: 27621127.

Collins GS, Altman DG. An independent and external validation of QRISK2 cardiovascular disease risk score: a prospective open cohort study. BMJ. 2010 May 13;340:c2442. doi: 10.1136/bmj.c2442. PubMed PMID: 20466793; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2869403.

Tierney WM, Meslin EM, Kroenke K. Industry Support of Medical Research: Important Opportunity or Treacherous Pitfall? J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Feb;31(2):228-33. doi: 10.1007/s11606-015-3495-z. Epub 2015 Aug 26. PubMed PMID: 26307387; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4720652.

Villamañán E, Ruano M, Fernández-de Uzquiano E, Lavilla P, González D, Freire M, Sobrino C, Herrero A. Informed consent in clinical research; Do patients understand what they have signed? Farm Hosp. 2016 May 1;40(3):209-18. doi: 10.7399/fh.2016.40.3.10411. PubMed PMID: 27145389.

Miladinovic B, Kumar A, Hozo I, Djulbegovic B. Instrumental variable meta-analysis of individual patient data: application to adjust for treatment non-compliance. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2011 Apr 21;11:55. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-11-55. PubMed PMID: 21510899; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3117817.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Interaction revisited: the difference between two estimates. BMJ. 2003 Jan 25;326(7382):219. Review. PubMed PMID: 12543843; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1125071.

Steinberg BE, Goldenberg NM, Fairn GD, Kuebler WM, Slutsky AS, Lee WL. Is basic science disappearing from medicine? The decline of biomedical research in the medical literature. FASEB J. 2016 Feb;30(2):515-8. doi: 10.1096/fj.15-281758. Epub 2015 Oct 14. PubMed PMID: 26467794.

Collier R. Is most clinical research useless? CMAJ. 2016 Aug 9;188(11):790-1. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.109-5296. Epub 2016 Jul 18. PubMed PMID: 27431300; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4978571.

Salter KL, Kothari A. Knowledge 'Translation' as social learning: negotiating the uptake of research-based knowledge in practice. BMC Med Educ. 2016 Feb 29;16:76. doi: 10.1186/s12909-016-0585-5. PubMed PMID: 26925578; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4772655.

Crowe S, Giles C. Making patient relevant clinical research a reality. BMJ. 2016 Dec 23;355:i6627. doi: 10.1136/bmj.i6627. PubMed PMID: 28011462.

Farrell B, Kenyon S, Shakur H. Managing clinical trials. Trials. 2010 Jul 13;11:78. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-11-78. Review. PubMed PMID: 20626885; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2917433.

Keech AC, Gebski V. Managing the resource demands of a large sample size in clinical trials: can you succeed with fewer subjects? Med J Aust. 2002 Oct 21;177(8):445-7. PubMed PMID: 12381256.

Lao KS, Chui CS, Man KK, Lau WC, Chan EW, Wong IC. Medication safety research by observational study design. Int J Clin Pharm. 2016 Jun;38(3):676-84. doi: 10.1007/s11096-016-0285-6. Epub 2016 Mar 22. Review. PubMed PMID: 27003827; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4909784.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Missing data. BMJ. 2007 Feb 24;334(7590):424. PubMed PMID: 17322261; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1804157.

Genell A, Nemes S, Steineck G, Dickman PW. Model selection in medical research: a simulation study comparing Bayesian model averaging and stepwise regression. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2010 Dec 6;10:108. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-10-108. PubMed PMID: 21134252; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3017523.

Jones R. A new approach to publishing research papers in the Journal. Br J Gen Pract. 2010 Jun;60(575):402. doi: 10.3399/bjgp10X502092. PubMed PMID: 20529494; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2880739.

Enck P, Klosterhalfen S, Zipfel S. Novel study designs to investigate the placebo response. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2011 Jun 10;11:90. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-11-90. Review. PubMed PMID: 21663609; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3132201.

Lu Z. PubMed and beyond: a survey of web tools for searching biomedical literature. Database (Oxford). 2011 Jan 18;2011:baq036. doi: 10.1093/database/baq036. Print 2011. Review. PubMed PMID: 21245076; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3025693.

Viergever RF, Ghersi D. The quality of registration of clinical trials. PLoS One. 2011 Feb 24;6(2):e14701. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014701. PubMed PMID: 21383991; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3044717.

Sutherland WJ, Goulson D, Potts SG, Dicks LV. Quantifying the impact and relevance of scientific research. PLoS One. 2011;6(11):e27537. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027537. Epub 2011 Nov 16. PubMed PMID: 22110667; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3217965.

Wyatt JC, Paterson-Brown S, Johanson R, Altman DG, Bradburn MJ, Fisk NM. Randomised trial of educational visits to enhance use of systematic reviews in 25 obstetric units. BMJ. 1998 Oct 17;317(7165):1041-6. PubMed PMID: 9774287; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC28686.

Janssens AC, Kraft P. Research conducted using data obtained through online communities: ethical implications of methodological limitations. PLoS Med. 2012;9(10):e1001328. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001328. Epub 2012 Oct 23. PubMed PMID: 23109913; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3479089.

Greenhalgh T, Raftery J, Hanney S, Glover M. Research impact: a narrative review. BMC Med. 2016 May 23;14:78. doi: 10.1186/s12916-016-0620-8. Review. PubMed PMID: 27211576; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4876557.

Kelso A. Review of the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007). Med J Aust. 2016 Jul 18;205(2):49. PubMed PMID: 27456436.

Johnson RA, Rid A, Emanuel E, Wendler D. Risks of phase I research with healthy participants: A systematic review. Clin Trials. 2016 Apr;13(2):149-60. doi: 10.1177/1740774515602868. Epub 2015 Sep 8. Review. PubMed PMID: 26350571; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4783291.

Stansfield C, Kavanagh J, Rees R, Gomersall A, Thomas J. The selection of search sources influences the findings of a systematic review of people's views: a case study in public health. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2012 Apr 20;12:55. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-12-55. PubMed PMID: 22520449; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3386863.

Brighton JK, Gebski VJ, Keech AC. Specifying interventions in a clinical trial. Med J Aust. 2002 Mar 18;176(6):281-2. PubMed PMID: 11999263.

Wutzke S, Morrice E, Benton M, Wilson A. Systems approaches for chronic disease prevention: sound logic and empirical evidence, but is this view shared outside of academia? Public Health Res Pract. 2016 Jul 15;26(3). pii: 2631632. doi: 10.17061/phrp2631632. PubMed PMID: 27421344.

Lund H, Brunnhuber K, Juhl C, Robinson K, Leenaars M, Dorch BF, Jamtvedt G, Nortvedt MW, Christensen R, Chalmers I. Towards evidence based research. BMJ. 2016 Oct 21;355:i5440. doi: 10.1136/bmj.i5440. PubMed PMID: 27797786.

Minasian LM, Carpenter WR, Weiner BJ, Anderson DE, McCaskill-Stevens W, Nelson S, Whitman C, Kelaghan J, O'Mara AM, Kaluzny AD. Translating research into evidence-based practice: the National Cancer Institute Community Clinical Oncology Program. Cancer. 2010 Oct 1;116(19):4440-9. doi: 10.1002/cncr.25248. Review. PubMed PMID: 20572032; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2945622.

Graffy J, Bower P, Ward E, Wallace P, Delaney B, Kinmonth AL, Collier D, Miller J. Trials within trials? Researcher, funder and ethical perspectives on the practicality and acceptability of nesting trials of recruitment methods in existing primary care trials.BMC Med Res Methodol. 2010 Apr 30;10:38. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-10-38. PubMed PMID: 20433728; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2873514.

Bugeja L, Ibrahim JE, Ferrah N, Murphy B, Willoughby M, Ranson D. The utility of medico-legal databases for public health research: a systematic review of peer-reviewed publications using the National Coronial Information System. Health Res Policy Syst. 2016 Apr 12;14:28. doi: 10.1186/s12961-016-0096-1. Review. PubMed PMID: 27067413; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4828834.

Bernabe RD, van Thiel GJ, van Delden JJ. What do international ethics guidelines say in terms of the scope of medical research ethics? BMC Med Ethics. 2016 Apr 26;17:23. doi: 10.1186/s12910-016-0106-4. PubMed PMID: 27117273; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4847236.

Kastner M, Tricco AC, Soobiah C, Lillie E, Perrier L, Horsley T, Welch V, Cogo E, Antony J, Straus SE. What is the most appropriate knowledge synthesismethod to conduct a review? Protocol for a scoping review. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2012 Aug 3;12:114. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-12-114. PubMed PMID: 22862833; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3477082.

McKee M, Stuckler D, Basu S. Where there is no health research: what can be done to fill the global gaps in health research?PLoS Med. 2012;9(4):e1001209. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001209. Epub 2012 Apr 24. PubMed PMID: 22545025; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3335864.

Levine A. Biomedical research: Privacy rules. Nature. 2016 Apr 14;532(7598):273-4. PubMed PMID: 27081683.

Kaiser BL, Thomas GR, Bowers BJ. A Case Study of Engaging Hard-to-Reach Participants in the Research Process: Community Advisors on Research Design and Strategies (CARDS)®. Res Nurs Health. 2017 Feb;40(1):70-79. doi: 10.1002/nur.21753. Epub 2016 Sep 30. PubMed PMID: 27686421; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5225082.

Kjeldsen LJ, Nielsen TR, Olesen C. The challenges of outcome research. Int J Clin Pharm. 2016 Jun;38(3):705-8. doi: 10.1007/s11096-016-0293-6. Epub 2016 Apr 2. PubMed PMID: 27039091.

Carter EJ, Mastro K, Vose C, Rivera R, Larson EL. Clarifying the Conundrum: Evidence-Based Practice, Quality Improvement, or Research?: The Clinical Scholarship Continuum. J Nurs Adm. 2017 May;47(5):266-270. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000477. PubMed PMID: 28422932.

Cuggia M, Besana P, Glasspool D. Comparing semi-automatic systems for recruitment of patients to clinical trials. Int J Med Inform. 2011 Jun;80(6):371-88. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2011.02.003. Epub 2011 Apr 2. Review. PubMed PMID: 21459664.

Thomas SP. Conceptual debates and empirical evidence about the peer review process for scholarly journals. J Prof Nurs. 2011 May-Jun;27(3):168-73. doi: 10.1016/j.profnurs.2010.09.015. Review. PubMed PMID: 21596357.

Saez-Rodriguez J, Costello JC, Friend SH, Kellen MR, Mangravite L, Meyer P, Norman T, Stolovitzky G. Crowdsourcing biomedical research: leveraging communities as innovation engines. Nat Rev Genet. 2016 Jul 15;17(8):470-86. doi: 10.1038/nrg.2016.69. Review. PubMed PMID: 27418159.

Cepero J. Differences among quality improvement, evidence-based practice, and research. J Neurosci Nurs. 2011 Aug;43(4):230-2. doi: 10.1097/JNN.0b013e3182212ac3. Review. PubMed PMID: 21796046.

Chung KC, Kotsis SV. The ethics of clinical research. J Hand Surg Am. 2011 Feb;36(2):308-15. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2010.11.012. Review. PubMed PMID: 21276894.

Fisher CG, Vaccaro AR. Evidence-based medicine and the peer review process: complementary or at odds? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Jan 1;37(1):E1-2. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31823dcce2. Review. PubMed PMID: 22179321.

Hadi MA. Fake peer-review in research publication: revisiting research purpose and academic integrity. Int J Pharm Pract. 2016 Oct;24(5):309-10. doi: 10.1111/ijpp.12307. PubMed PMID: 27623702.

Markert RJ. Getting started on your research: practical advice for medical educators.Teach Learn Med. 2010 Oct;22(4):317-8. doi: 10.1080/10401334.2010.512836. PubMed PMID: 20936582.

Waring J, Allen D, Braithwaite J, Sandall J. Healthcare quality and safety: a review of policy, practice and research. Sociol Health Illn. 2016 Feb;38(2):198-215. doi: 10.1111/1467-9566.12391. Epub 2015 Dec 11. Review. PubMed PMID: 26663206.

Marko NF, Weil RJ. An introduction to comparative effectiveness research.Neurosurgery. 2012 Feb;70(2):425-34; discussion 434. doi: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e3182320a9e. Review. PubMed PMID: 21849923.

Whiteneck GG. Issues affecting the selection of participation measurement in outcomes research and clinical trials. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2010 Sep;91(9 Suppl):S54-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2009.08.154. PubMed PMID: 20801281.

Hansen HP, Tjørnhøj-Thomsen T. Meeting the Challenges of Intervention Research in Health Science: An Argument for a Multimethod Research Approach. Patient. 2016 Jun;9(3):193-200. doi: 10.1007/s40271-015-0153-9. PubMed PMID: 26597448.

Gillman LN, Wright SD. Mega mistakes in meta-analyses: devil in the detail.Ecology. 2010 Sep;91(9):2550-2. PubMed PMID: 20957947.

Morville AL, Erlandsson LK. Methodological challenges when doing research that includes ethnic minorities: a scoping review. Scand J Occup Ther. 2016 Nov;23(6):405-15. doi: 10.1080/11038128.2016.1203458. Epub 2016 Jul 1. Review. PubMed PMID: 27367275.

Peduzzi P, Kyriakides T, O'Connor TZ, Guarino P, Warren SR, Huang GD. Methodological issues in comparative effectiveness research: clinical trials. Am J Med. 2010 Dec;123(12 Suppl 1):e8-15. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2010.10.003. Review. PubMed PMID: 21184867.

Ridyard CH, Hughes DA. Methods for the collection of resource use data within clinical trials: a systematic review of studies funded by the UK Health Technology Assessment program. Value Health. 2010 Dec;13(8):867-72. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4733.2010.00788.x. Epub 2010 Oct 12. Review. PubMed PMID: 20946187.

Siedlecki SL. Original Research: How to Create a Poster That Attracts an Audience. Am J Nurs. 2017 Mar;117(3):48-54. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000513287.29624.7e. PubMed PMID: 28230691.

Carson SS. Outcomes research: methods and implications. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Feb;31(1):3-12. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1246281. Epub 2010 Jan 25. Review. PubMed PMID: 20101542.

ISAKOS Scientific Committee, Audigé L, Ayeni OR, Bhandari M, Boyle BW, Briggs KK, Chan K, Chaney-Barclay K, Do HT, Ferretti M, Fu FH, Goldhahn J, Goldhahn S, Hidaka C, Hoang-Kim A, Karlsson J, Krych AJ, LaPrade RF, Levy BA, Lubowitz JH, Lyman S, Ma Y, Marx RG, Mohtadi N, Marcheggiani Muccioli GM, Nakamura N, Nguyen J, Poehling GG, Roberts LE, Rosenberg N, Shea KP, Sohani ZN, Soudry M, Voineskos S, Zaffagnini S; International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. A practical guide to research: design, execution, and publication. Arthroscopy. 2011 Apr;27(4 Suppl):S1-112. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2011.02.001. Erratum in: Arthroscopy. 2011 Jun;27(6):878. PubMed PMID: 21749939.

Moons KG, Altman DG, Vergouwe Y, Royston P. Prognosis and prognostic research: application and impact of prognostic models in clinical practice. BMJ. 2009 Jun 4;338:b606. doi: 10.1136/bmj.b606. PubMed PMID: 19502216.

Altman DG, Vergouwe Y, Royston P, Moons KG. Prognosis and prognostic research: validating a prognostic model. BMJ. 2009 May 28;338:b605. doi: 10.1136/bmj.b605. PubMed PMID: 19477892.

Boote J, Baird W, Beecroft C. Public involvement at the design stage of primary health research: a narrative review of case examples. Health Policy. 2010 Apr;95(1):10-23. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2009.11.007. Epub 2009 Dec 5. Review. PubMed PMID: 19963299.

Resnik DB, Shamoo AE. Reproducibility and Research Integrity. Account Res. 2017;24(2):116-123. Epub 2016 Nov 7. PubMed PMID: 27820655; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5244822.

The Lancet. Research integrity - have we made progress? Lancet. 2017 May 6;389(10081):1771. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31201-1. Epub 2017 May 4. PubMed PMID: 28495151.

Perkins D. Research translation: Making a difference in rural health. Aust J Rural Health. 2016 Dec;24(6):349. doi: 10.1111/ajr.12342. PubMed PMID: 27981686.

Brooke F. Rural and remote research: Supporting the heart and soul of Australia. Aust J Rural Health. 2016 Dec;24(6):424. doi: 10.1111/ajr.12344. PubMed PMID: 27981685.

Keech AC, Gebski VJ. Selecting participants for clinical trials. Med J Aust. 2001 Nov 5;175(9):490-1. PubMed PMID: 11758080.

Qidwai W. Translational Research and Complexity of Clinical Practice: Issues, Challenges, and Way Forward. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2016 Jun;26(6):453-4. doi: 2339. PubMed PMID: 27353977.

Taves DR. The use of minimization in clinical trials. Contemp Clin Trials. 2010 Mar;31(2):180-4. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2009.12.005. Epub 2010 Jan 8. Review. PubMed PMID: 20060500.

Dorsey ER, Yvonne Chan YF, McConnell MV, Shaw SY, Trister AD, Friend SH. The Use of Smartphones for Health Research. Acad Med. 2017 Feb;92(2):157-160. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001205. PubMed PMID: 27119325.

Stewart D, Klein S. The use of theory in research. Int J Clin Pharm. 2016 Jun;38(3):615-9. doi: 10.1007/s11096-015-0216-y. PubMed PMID: 26511946.

Mertz L. What Can Big Data Tell Us About Health?: Finding Gold Through Data Mining.IEEE Pulse. 2016 Sep-Oct;7(5):40-44. doi: 10.1109/MPUL.2016.2592242. PubMed PMID: 28113168.

Groves T. What makes a high quality clinical research paper? Oral Dis. 2010 May;16(4):313-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2010.01663.x. Epub 2010 Mar 9. Review. PubMed PMID: 20233312.

Grant A, Treweek S, Wells M. Why is so much clinical research ignored and what can we do about it? Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2016 Oct;77(10):554-555. PubMed PMID: 27723408.

Natland S, Tveiten S, Knutsen IR. Why should patients participate in research? Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2017 Feb 7;137(3):210-212. doi: 10.4045/tidsskr.16.0839. eCollection 2017 Feb. English, Norwegian. PubMed PMID: 28181760.

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