Acronyms used throughout this guideline

AUDIT Alcohol use disorder identification test
AUSDRISK Australian type 2 diabetes risk assessment tool
AHW Aboriginal Health Worker
BMI Body mass index
CDM Chronic disease management
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CVD Cardiovascular disease
ESSA Exercise and Sports Science Australia
GP General practitioner
MBS Medicare Benefits Schedule
MET Metabolic equivalent
NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council
NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
NRT Nicotine replacement therapy
PCEHR Personally controlled electronic health record
PDSA Plan, do, study, act
PP Practice point
SNAP Smoking, nutrition, alcohol, physical activity
WHO World Health Organization

This guide has been designed to assist GPs and practice staff (the GP practice team) to work with patients on the lifestyle risk factors of smoking, nutrition, alcohol and physical activity (SNAP).

Organisations working with general practices, such as primary care organisations, public health services and other agencies that provide resources and training for primary healthcare staff, may also find this guide valuable.

The SNAP guide is based on the best available evidence at the time of publication. It adopts the most recent National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) levels of evidence and grades of recommendations. Recommendations in the tables are graded according to levels of evidence and the strength of recommendation.

The levels of evidence are coded by the roman numerals I–IV, while the strength of recommendation is coded by the letters A–D. Practice points (PP) are employed where no good evidence is available.

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