SNAP

Acknowledgements

Authors and reviewers

The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) gratefully acknowledges the generous contribution of the following authors and reviewers of Smoking, nutrition, alcohol, physical activity (SNAP): A population health guide to behavioural risk factors in general practice, 2nd edition (the SNAP guide).

SNAP guide working group members and authors

Scientia Professor Mark Harris, Executive Director, Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, and Director, Centre for Obesity Management and Prevention Research Excellence in Primary Health Care (COMPaRE-PHC), University of New South Wales and Chair, RACGP SNAP Guide Working Group
Professor Nigel Stocks, Head, Discipline of General Practice, University of Adelaide
Professor Nick Zwar, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, UNSW Australia
Professor Danielle Mazza, Head, Department of General Practice, School of Primary Health Care, Monash University
Professor Tania Winzenberg, Professor of Chronic Disease Management, Menzies Institute for Medical Research Tasmania and Faculty of Health, University of Tasmania
Karen Booth, RN, President, Australian Primary Health Care Nurses Association
Margaret McPherson, Practice Manager, North Richmond Community Health

The RACGP gratefully acknowledges feedback provided by:

  • RACGP National Standing Committee – Quality Care
  • Associate Professor John Litt, Discipline of General Practice, The Flinders University of South Australia
  • Dr Verity Cleland, NHMRC Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania
  • Professor Jo Salmon, Alfred Deakin Professor, NHMRC Principal Research Fellow, Deputy Director, Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Deakin University
  • Australian Government Department of Health, Population Health Division
  • Department of Health, Western Australia
  • Department of Health, Northern Territory
  • Australian Primary Health Care Nurses Association
  • Australian Association of Practice Managers
  • Heart Foundation
  • Fitness Australia
  • NPS MedicineWise
  • National Physical Activity Alliance
  • Alzheimer’s Australia
  • Lung Foundation
  • Arthritis Australia
  • Exercise & Sports Science Australia
  • Cancer Council Australia
  • National Vascular Disease Prevention Alliance
  • Australian and New Zealand Obesity Society

This guide has been designed to assist GPs and practice staff (the GP practice team) to work with patients on the lifestyle risk factors of smoking, nutrition, alcohol and physical activity (SNAP).

Organisations working with general practices, such as primary care organisations, public health services and other agencies that provide resources and training for primary healthcare staff, may also find this guide valuable.

The SNAP guide is based on the best available evidence at the time of publication. It adopts the most recent National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) levels of evidence and grades of recommendations. Recommendations in the tables are graded according to levels of evidence and the strength of recommendation.

The levels of evidence are coded by the roman numerals I–IV, while the strength of recommendation is coded by the letters A–D. Practice points (PP) are employed where no good evidence is available.

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