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Bookmarks for seizures
Secondary generalised seizures start with a focal seizure before spreading to cause a generalised seizure.8
Factors associated with intracranial pathology on neuroimaging after first seizure
Prevalence of incidental findings in various age categories
Reproduced with permission from British Medical Journal Publishing Group Ltd from Morris et al. Incidental findings on brain magnetic resonance imaging: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2009;339:b3016 doi:10.1136/bmj.b3016.
Bookmarks for headaches
Clinical patterns of primary headaches
Reproduced with permission from National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) from Diagnosis of tension-type, migraine and cluster headache, from Headaches: diagnosis and management of headaches in young people and adults. National Clinical Guideline Centre. p 44.
Bookmarks for cervical radiculopathy
Neurological features associated with cervical radiculopathy
Reproduced with permission from British Medical Journal Publishing Group Ltd, from Barry M, Jenner JR. ABC of rheumatology. Pain in neck, shoulder, and arm. BMJ 1995; 310(6973):183–6.
Reproduced with permission from Continuing Medical Education (CME) from Mogere E, Morgado T, Welsh D. An approach to the painful upper limb
. Continuing Medical Education 2013;31(3).
Signs of serious spinal or other abnormalities
Note there is insufficient available evidence to confirm the utility of conventional ‘red flag symptom’ for triaging non-acute neck patients, although their use has been strongly encouraged.31
Bookmarks for cervical trauma
Adapted and reproduced with permission from the New England Journal of Medicine from Hoffman J, Mower W, Wolfson A, et al. Validity of a set of clinical criteria to rule out injury to the cervical spine in patients with blunt trauma. N Engl J Med 2000;343:94–9.
Bookmarks for the knee
Reproduced with permission from The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners from Yao K, Haque T. The Ottawa knee rules: a useful clinical decision tool. Aust Fam Physician 2012;41(4):223–4.