Exercise training programs require assessment of exercise endurance and strength, and creation of an individual exercise prescription (see case study example).
A pulmonary rehabilitation program must include, at a minimum, the following lower limb endurance exercises:
- Walking training for all patients
- Stationary cycling training.
Intensity, duration, frequency and type of exercise (i.e. continuous or interval) are also included in the exercise prescription. If possible, a pulmonary rehabilitation program should also include:
- a home exercise program
- upper limb endurance and strength training
- lower limb strength training.
Other components may include flexibility and stretching exercises, balance exercises, inspiratory muscle training, a patient education program and psychosocial support.
A detailed Pulmonary Rehabilitation Toolkit is available from The Australian Lung Foundation (see Tips and Challenges).