Moisturisers should have low (or zero) water content and high oil content. Choice of moisturiser will depend on parent preference. Appropriate options include:
- creams, lotions or gels (Cetaphil®)
- oils (sunflower seed oil)
- ointments (white soft paraffin, Aquaphore®).
Moisturisers with a high water content and low oil content should be avoided as they can worsen xerosis (dry skin). Sorbolene, for example, typically has a high water content. Prescription moisturisers are not necessary.
Moisturiser application is a simple, effective, safe and low-cost approach, which may lower the risk of developing AD. In the trials, most parents found it acceptable and there were no reported adverse events.