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Guideline for the management of knee and hip osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic disease and the most common form of chronic arthritis. It is characterised by joint pain, stiffness and swelling, and mainly affects the hands, knees and hips. OA most frequently occurs in people aged >55 years, although younger people can also be affected. Risk factors for OA include joint injury, being overweight or obese, and older age. As the population ages, and increased rates of obesity, the number of Australians with OA is expected to rise from 2.2 million in 2015 to almost 3.1 million by 2030.
There is currently no cure for OA, but there are many treatments and approaches to managing the long-term symptoms of this disease. General practitioners (GPs) are often the first point of contact in the healthcare system for a person with OA. This guideline provides Australian GPs with advice and recommendations for the management of people with knee and/or hip OA. The guideline has a strong focus on self-management and non-surgical treatments to improve the health of people with knee and/or hip OA. A summary of the key recommendations are below:
There is a strong recommendation against surgery such as arthroscopic lavage and debridement, meniscectomy and cartilage repair for people with knee OA, unless the person also has signs and symptoms of a ‘locked knee’.
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Administrative-report.pdf (PDF 2.76 MB)
Algorithm-Holistic-assessment-diagnosis-and-management-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis.pdf (PDF 0.05 MB)
Guideline-for-the-management-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-2nd-ed-Appendix-1.pdf (PDF 0.04 MB)
Guideline-for-the-management-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-2nd-ed-Appendix-2.pdf (PDF 0.05 MB)
Implementation-plan.pdf (PDF 1.79 MB)
Public-consultation-summary.pdf (PDF 0.29 MB)
Technical-document.pdf (PDF 5.79 MB)
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