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Guideline

General bone health maintenance and fracture prevention

General bone health maintenance and fracture prevention

Fracture risk increases over the lifetime due to declining BMD and strength, as well as non-skeletal risk factors for falls, including sarcopenia, poor balance, neuropsychological impairment, polypharmacy, poor nutrition and chronic diseases. As such, there is a gradual transition from prevention to treatment paradigms with advancing age, with the emphasis on optimisation/preservation of BMD from childhood to middle age broadening to other factors implicated in falls risk in later life.

Osteoporosis is associated with several lifestyle factors, including nutritional intake, vitamin D status and physical activity. International guidelines recommend healthy lifestyle choices to reduce osteoporosis risk.1,2

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