Preventative action, diagnosis and management
Acute Rheumatic Fever (ARF) and Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) occur at very high rates among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
These diseases predominantly affect children, adolescents, and young adults, and are important causes of premature mortality.
Almost all cases of RHD and associated deaths are preventable.
In contrast, ARF is now rare in other population groups in Australia, and RHD in these groups occurs predominantly in the elderly.
ARF still occurs from time to time in affluent populations, and the persistently high rates of ARF in some middle-class regions of the USA highlight the need to remain aware of this disease in all populations.
This guideline is endorsed by the RACGP.
This guideline is published by Menzies School of Health Research