Emergency management of hyperglycaemia in primary care


Hyperglycaemic emergencies may occur as the first presentation of diabetes

Hyperglycaemic emergencies require urgent assessment and management to reduce preventable morbidity and mortality.

Hyperglycaemic emergencies may occur as the first presentation of diabetes (undiagnosed), as well as an acute metabolic decompensation in those already diagnosed with diabetes. Identification of at-risk patients, together with access to point-of-care checking, can reduce delays to hospital presentation.

The objectives of this position statement are to raise clinical awareness of hyperglycaemic emergencies by identifying clinically important patient presentations and risk factors.

Ensure management of hyperglycaemic emergencies is optimised to prevent serious adverse outcomes.

Provide action flow charts to inform management of hyperglycaemic emergencies before patients arrive at hospital.

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