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Clinical guidelines

National guide to a preventive health assessment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people Second edition

Appendix 2

Abbreviations used in this guide

13vPCV  13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
23vPPV  23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
7vPCV 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
AAP  American Academy of Pediatrics
ABS  Australian Bureau of Statistics
ACCHS Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services
ACE  angiotensin converting enzyme
ACIR  Australian Childhood Immunisation Register
ACR  albumin-creatinine ratio
AF atrial fibrillation
AFP alpha-fetoprotein
AHMAC  Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council
AHW  Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health worker
AIDS  acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Anti-HBs  anti-hepatitis B surface antigen (antibody)
AOM  acute otitis media
APGAR Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiration [newborn assessment tool]
APSGN acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis
ARB angiotensin receptor blocker
ARF acute rheumatic fever
ARI  acute respiratory illness
ASHM  Australasian Society for HIV Medicine
AUDIT Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test
AUDIT-C  Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test – Consumption
AusDiab  Diabetes Australia
AUSDRISK  Australian Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment tool
BBV  bloodborne virus
BHCG  beta human chorionic gonadotropin
BMD  bone mineral density
BMI  body mass index
BP  blood pressure
BPG  benzathine penicillin G
BRCA  breast cancer susceptibility gene
CABG  coronary artery bypass graft
CAR Children at Risk [program]
CARPA Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association
CDC  Centers for Disease Control
CHB  chronic hepatitis B
CHD  coronary heart disease
CI confidence interval
CKD  chronic kidney disease
CKD-EPI Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration
COAG  Council of Australian Governments
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CRAFFT  Car, Relax, Alone, Forget, Friends, Trouble [screening tool]
CRP  c-reactive protein
CSLD chronic suppurative lung disease
CSO  Community Services Obligation
CSOM  chronic suppurative otitis media
CT  computed tomography
CVD cardiovascular disease
DALY  disability adjusted life years
dB  decibel
dBHL  decibel hearing level
DBP diastolic blood pressure
DES  diethylstilbestrol
DMSA dimercaptosuccinic acid (scan)
DRE digital rectal examination
DSM-IV  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition
DSM-IV-TR Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental  Disorders 4th edition – Text Revision
DXA  dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
ECG  electrocardiogram
ECHO  echocardiogram
ECS endocervical swab
eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate
EIA enzyme immunoassay
EIA-TPHA  enzyme immunoassay Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay
ENT  ear nose and throat
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD end stage renal disease
ETS environmental tobacco smoke
FAP familial adenomatous polyposis
FDA  Food and Drug Administration
FEV1  forced expiratory capacity in 1 second
FOBT  faecal occult blood test
FPG  fasting plasma glucose
FRA-BOC familial risk assessment – breast and ovarian cancer
FRE Framingham Risk Equation
FTA-Abs  fluorescent treponemal antibody – absorption
FTT  failure to thrive
FVC forced vital capacity
FVU first void urine
GAS  Group A Streptococcus (bacteria)
GDM gestational diabetes mellitus
GFR glomerular filtration rate
GI gastrointestinal
GP general practitioner
GTT glucose tolerance test
Hb haemoglobin
HbA1c glycosylated haemoglobin
HBcAb hepatitis B core antibody
HBIG hepatitis B immunoglobulin
HBsAb hepatitis B surface antibody
HBsAg  hepatitis B surface antigen
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCC hepatocellular carcinoma
HCG human chorionic gonadotropin
HCV hepatitis C virus
HDL high density lipoprotein
HEEADSSS Home, Education, Eating, Activities, Drugs, Sexuality, Suicidality, Safety [screening tool]
Hib Haemophilus influenzae type B
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HNPCC hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer
HPV human papillomavirus
HRCT high resolution computed tomography
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HSIL high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion
HSV herpes simplex virus
HVS high vaginal swab
IADP International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy
ICD-10  International Classification of Disease 10th edition
ICS inhaled corticosteroids
ID iron deficiency
IDA iron deficiency anaemia
IDF International Diabetes Federation
IFG  impaired fasting glucose
IGT  impaired glucose tolerance
IM  intramuscular
IPD  invasive pneumococcal disease
IRIS  Indigenous Risk Impact Screen
IUD intrauterine device
KICA Kimberley Indigenous Cognitive Assessment
LABA  long acting beta agonist
LARC long acting reversible contraception
LRTI lower respiratory tract infection
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
MCUG  micturating cystourethogram
MHR maximum heart rate
MI  myocardial infarction
MMN multiple micronutrients
MN micronutrient
MoBa Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study
MRI  magnetic resonance imaging
MSM men who have sex with men
MSS maternal serum screening
MST Multisystemic Treatment [program]
NAAT nucleic acid amplification test
NATSIHS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
NATSIHS  National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Household Survey
NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council
NI  neuraminidase inhibitor
NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (UK)
NIEHS National Indigenous Eye Health Survey
NIPS National Immunisation Program Schedule
NNT number needed to treat
NRT nicotine replacement therapy
NSP needle syringe program
NVDPA National Vascular Disease Prevention Alliance
OR odds ratio
OCP oral contraceptive pill
OGTT oral glucose tolerance test
OM otitis media
OME  otitis media with effusion
OST opioid substitution therapy
PAPP-A pregnancy-associated plasma protein A
PBS Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme
PCHL permanent congenital hearing loss
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PCR protein-creatinine ratio
PCV pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
PEDS Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status [screening tool]
PEP post exposure prophylaxis
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PIP  Practice Incentives Program
ppm parts per million
PSA prostate-specific antigen
PSV polysaccharide vaccine
PVD peripheral vascular disease
RACF residential aged care facility
RACGP [The] Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
RCT randomised controlled trial
RHD  rheumatic heart disease
RPG  random plasma glucose
RPR rapid plasma reagin
RR  relative risk
SAFE  Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial (cleanliness), Environmental measures
SBP systolic blood pressure
SD standard deviation
SDDS-PC Symptom Driven Diagnostic System for Primary Care
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SMS short message service
SOLVS  self-administered low vaginal swab
SR systematic review
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
STI sexually transmissible infection
TF trachoma follicular
TGA Therapeutic Goods Administration
TIA transient ischaemic attack
TPPA Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay
TS trachomatous scarring
TT Trachomatous trichiasis
UNHS Universal Newborn Hearing Screening
USPSTF United States Preventive Services Taskforce
UTI urinary tract infection
UV-B ultraviolet B
VA visual acuity
VUR vesico-ureteric reflux
WHO World Health Organization
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