Sleep

May 2009

Research

Rural smokers

A prevention opportunity

Volume 38, No.5, May 2009 Pages 352-356

Anna Chapman BAppSc, BNutrDiet, is Research Associate, Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, Warrnambool, and Research Fellow, Department of General Practice, Monash University, Victoria.

Stephen Bunker RN, GradDipAdult Ed, PhD, is Senior Research Fellow, Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, Warrnambool, Victoria.

James Dunbar MD, FRCP(Edin), FRCGP, FRACGP, FFPH, FACRRM, is Director, Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, Warrnambool, Victoria.

Kevin McNamara MSc, BSc, is Research Fellow, Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, Warrnambool, and Lecturer, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Monash University, Victoria.

Andrew Baird MBChB, FRACGP, FACRRM, is a general practitioner, Melbourne, Victoria.

Benjamin Philpot BSc, GradDip(ActuarialStud), is Research Associate, Greater Green Triangle University Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, Warrnambool, Victoria

Erkki Vartiainen MD, PhD, is Professor and Director, Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland

Tiina Laatikainen MD, PhD, is Associate Professor and Chief Physician, and Head, Chronic Disease Prevention Unit, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland

Edward Janus MD, PhD, FRACP, FRCPA, is Professor, Greater Green Triangle Department of Rural Health, Flinders and Deakin Universities, Warrnambool, and Director, Department of General Internal Medicine, Western Hospital, Footscray, Victoria

Background

Smoking is the largest single cause of preventable death and disease in Australia. This study describes smoking prevalence and the characteristics of rural smokers to guide general practitioners in targeting particular groups.

Methods

Cross sectional surveys in the Greater Green Triangle region of southeast Australia using a random population sample (n=1563, participation rate 48.7%) aged 25–74 years. Smoking information was assessed by a self administered questionnaire.

Results

Complete smoking data were available for 1494 participants. Overall age adjusted current smoking prevalence was 14.9% (95% CI: 13.1–16.7). In both genders, current smoking prevalence decreased with age. Those aged 25–44 years were more likely to want to stop smoking and to have attempted cessation, but less likely to have received cessation advice than older smokers.

Discussion

This study provides baseline smoking data for rural health monitoring and identifies intervention opportunities. General practice is suited to implement interventions for smoking prevention and cessation at every patient encounter, particularly in younger individuals.

Tobacco smoking, a major risk factor for coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, cancer and other diseases,1 is estimated to cost the Australian community $31.5 billion per annum,2 and was responsible for more than 15 500 Australian deaths in 2003.3

Download the PDF for the full article.

Correspondence afp@racgp.org.au

Yes     No

Declaration of competing interests *

Yes No

Additional Author (remove)

Yes No

    

 

 

 

 

Competing Interests: 

Your comment is being submitted, please wait

Download citation in RIS format (EndNote, Zotero, RefMan, RefWorks)

Download citation in BIBTEX format (RefMan)

Download citation in REFER format (EndNote, Zotero, RefMan, RefWorks)

For more information see Wikipedia: Comparison of reference management software